• homeHOME
  • 활동
  • 환자안전 연구

환자안전 연구

ㆍ 제목 Opioid Prescribing After Nonfatal Overdose and Association With Repeated Overdose: A Cohort Study
ㆍ 조회수 613 ㆍ 등록일시 2016-01-21
ㆍ 첨부파일

Opioid Prescribing After Nonfatal Overdose and Association With Repeated Overdose: A Cohort Study

 2016 Jan 5;164(1):1-9. doi: 10.7326/M15-0038. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: 

Nonfatal opioid overdose is an opportunity to identify and treat substance use disorders, but treatment patterns after the overdose are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: 

To determine prescribed opioid dosage after an opioid overdose and its association with repeated overdose.

DESIGN: 

Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING: 

A large U.S. health insurer.

PARTICIPANTS: 

2848 commercially insured patients aged 18 to 64 years who had a nonfatal opioid overdose during long-term opioid therapy for noncancer pain between May 2000 and December 2012.

MEASUREMENTS: 

Nonfatal opioid overdose was identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, codes from emergency department or inpatient claims. The primary outcome was daily morphine-equivalent dosage (MED) of opioids dispensed from 60 days before to up to 730 days after the index overdose. We categorized dosages as large (≥100 mg MED), moderate (50 to <100 mg MED), low (<50 mg MED), or none (0 mg MED). Secondary outcomes included time to repeated overdose stratified by daily dosage as a time-varying covariate.

RESULTS: 

Over a median follow-up of 299 days, opioids were dispensed to 91% of patients after an overdose. Seven percent of patients (n = 212) had a repeated opioid overdose. At 2 years, the cumulative incidence of repeated overdose was 17% (95% CI, 14% to 20%) for patients receiving high dosages of opioids after the index overdose, 15% (CI, 10% to 21%) for those receiving moderate dosages, 9% (CI, 6% to 14%) for those receiving low dosages, and 8% (CI, 6% to 11%) for those receiving no opioids.

LIMITATION: 

The cohort was limited to commercially insured adults.

CONCLUSION: 

Almost all patients continue to receive prescription opioids after an overdose. Opioid discontinuation after overdose is associated with lower risk for repeated overdose.

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26720742

이전글 Changes in Burnout and Satisfaction With Work-Life Balance in Physicians and the General US Working Population Between 2011 and 2014
다음글 Postoperative adverse events inconsistently improved by the World Health Organization surgical safety checklist: a systematic literature review of 25 studies.
비밀번호 입력 X
비밀번호
확인
TOP